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Rural economics

Vladimir GUSAKOV

How to ensure the stability, competitiveness and efficiency of the National Agroindustrial Complex. P. 3–11


Analysis of the process of formation of the European Union food market conjuncture. P12–28

The article analyzes the situation in the EU food market. The study includes the following analysis elements: general characteristics of the EU and the Common Agricultural Policy; research of the dairy, meat and grain segments of the food market; study of the role of organic agriculture in food sector revenues. Consumer attention is paid to the impact of Russian retaliatory sanctions on the market environment. The study of segments is carried out on the basis of the analysis of prices and balances for dairy and meat products, grain. The dynamics of production, export-import operations, food consumption, the dynamics of food stocks and the level of food self-sufficiency in the EU is analyzed. The paper identifies factors restricting the export of Belarusian food products and offers recommendations for improving the foreign economic activity of Belarus in the EU food market.

Keywords: conjuncture, food market, EU, common agricultural policy, price, export, import, food, milk, dairy products, meat products, grain, food balance, sanctions, organic agriculture.


Mechanism of economic regulation of food security in the Republic of Belarus. P29–37

The article presents an assessment of the performance of the agri-food system of the Republic of Belarus, reveals destructive trends and risks in this area. A model of an integrated system of state regulation of the agricultural sector is proposed, containing two possible solutions: the first, based on the practice of economically developed countries and the recommendations of the WTO, and the second, reflects the existing system of state regulation of the agricultural sector in Belarus, taking into account the requirements of a market economy. An integrated mechanism for the systematic regulation of food security has been developed, including tools for state regulation, elements of market influence on the agri-food system, as well as consumer criteria for the population.

Keywords: agroindustrial complex, economic regulation, mechanisms, forms and instruments of food security.


The structure and dynamics of population income as a factor in regulation of agrarian labour market equilibrium. P. 38–46

The problem of the income level increasing of the population as the most important criterion for life quality is considered in the article. The theoretical aspects of this issue are investigated; the structure and dynamics of population incomes are analyzed. The emphasis is placed on the role of the minimum wage and consumer budgets as practical tools for regulating the socio-economic situation of the population. The role of wages as the main source of rural income generation is emphasized, its level in agricultural organizations is analyzed, and its determining influence on equilibrium in the agrarian labour market is established.

Keywords: income, population, minimum wage, minimum subsistence budget, minimum consumer budget, wages.

Foreign experience


World practice of supporting organic agriculture through the introduction of additional forms of certification of organic products. P. 47–53

The article highlights the issues of ensuring the quality of organic agricultural products based on organizational and institutional forms of production of such products used in world practice. The advantages of these tools for expanding the production potential of the organic sector are analyzed.

Keywords: organic agriculture, guarantee system, group certification, participatory guarantee system.


Privatization of state property: mistakes and lessons from them. P54–63

The article analyzes the mistakes made in the process of the hasty privatization of state property, carried out in the 90s. XX century in Ukraine and Russia. It is emphasized that the privatization of state property requires a balanced approach, which is unthinkable without taking into account past mistakes. Attention is drawn to the fact that it cannot be carried out in a hurry, but you should think for a long time, weighing all the «pros» and «cons». To carry out – in a short time, without declaring prematurely, in order to prevent public property managers from taking advantage of their opportunities for «grasping». In confirmation, it is indicated that, by and large, this reform did not happen either in industry or in the agrarian sector, because under its cover only the phenomenon of uneven distribution of land in the latter also arose and those who already have them too far continue to accumulate while others, limited from 5 to 10 hectares from the very beginning, remain deprived. In the author's article's view, reasonable measures are suggested that can be taken into account in the future reformation of production relations and thus become a fuse to avoid similar ones in Belarus, which became essentially the only outpost that didn't succumb to the wild «grappling» of the nineties such demagogic populism.

Rural infrastructure development

Larysa Nokhrina

The role and importance of marketing in the development of rural tourism. P64–70

The article substantiates the economic need for the active introduction of marketing in the development of rural tourism. A list of marketing activities has been determined, including comprehensive research, planning, pricing and promotion of tourism services on the market. The factors influencing the choice of recreation in the countryside and the cost of standard accommodation in the estate are substantiated. The goals and objectives are systematized, the perspective directions of the formation of a rural tourism marketing management system are justified.

Keywords: marketing, management system, rural tourism, pricing, promotion, efficiency.

Reference information

New editions in the fund of the Belarus agricultural library of I. S. Lupinovich (I. Fomina). P. 71–72