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AGRARIAN ECONOMICS, № 9, 2022

 

Rural economics

 

Fadej SUBOCH

Formation of a diversified cluster model of intersectoral development of the agroindustrial complex of the Union state on the investment platform of the Union food complex "Healthy nutrition" within the framework of the import substitution doctrine: factors, features, implementation mechanisms, prospects. Р. 3–32

 

Uladzimir LEMEKH

Shaping the future of agricultural economy. Р. 33–49

We developed a conceptual model, an algorithm and Internet resources for information and communication support of financial resources mobilization, cooperation and subordination to ensure efficient centralized relationship management. The case of the flax production industry shows that it can make a big difference when, driven by the state, an incentive is given not to the economic interest of individual companies, but to the efficiency of their interaction, the required, recommended and acceptable actions are taken with embedded business solutions to counteract the antagonistic profit-seeking game.

 

Artur KLIUKIN, Daria KIVULYA

Sustainable development in agriculture: using of digital technologies in industries. Р. 50–58

Discusses the prospects for the use of digital technologies in agriculture. The study of domestic and foreign literature made it possible to identify the author's approach to the definition of the concept of “digital economy”. Theoretical issues of the development of digitalization in the Republic of Belarus were studied.

The main arguments for the development of a green economy in the Republic of Belarus were identified. The issue of development in organizations of the agroindustrial complex of such technology as precision farming was considered. The essence of the dutch Growth Project (system of “illuminated fields”) is disclosed.

Possible problems with the use of digitalization in the Republic of Belarus have been identified and ways have been identified to eliminate them with the introduction of such tools as the Mechanism for smoothing the impact of digital transformation on national security and the National (individual) security plan.

 

Problems of agroindustrial complex industries

 

Boris SHUNDALOV

Potato growing industry of Belarus: regional peculiarities of cultivation, labor productivity and work efficiency. Р. 59–75

Potato cultivation in Belarus has long-standing traditions. This crop is grown everywhere by all categories of farms of the republic, among which the highest proportion (over 80 %) is occupied by personal subsidiary farms of the population. Significant regional peculiarities have developed in terms of the gross harvest of tubers. Thus, over a five-year period of time (2016–2020), farms of the Minsk and Brest regions differed, where up to 45 % of all potato tubers were harvested, and in all regions there was a dynamic decrease in gross potato production.

For various reasons, the farms of some Belarusian regions, for example, the Gomel region, were characterized by poor crop yields. It is important to pay attention to the fact that during the studied period in potato-growing agricultural organizations in Belarus, the total (commercial) cost of 1 ton of products sold increased significantly (by more than 40 %), and in some years the potatoes sold turned out to be unprofitable.

An in-depth study of the main production, economic and financial indicators for potato cultivation was carried out on the example of the experimental base "Natalyevsk" of the Chervensky district for the period 2019–2021, where significant volumes of tubers were produced. According to the reporting data of this farm, calculations of hourly labor productivity in the potato industry were performed using the current and proposed methodology. It was revealed that the average annual growth rate of labor productivity, calculated on the basis of net output, was 5,1 % ahead of the similar growth rate of labor productivity, found on the basis of gross output. The content of the article concludes with reasonable conclusions.

 

Foreign experience

 

Nataliya CHEPLYANSKAYA

The system of warehouse agrifood storage with electronic receipts: foreign experience and prospects in the Republic of Belarus. Р. 76–88

The world experience of the system of warehouse storage of agrifood products using electronic warehouse receipts is considered, the legal and economic conditions for the creation of this system in Belarus are analyzed. Practical recommendations are formulated for its formation, including the creation of a state register and an information system for ensuring the storage of agrifood products, an algorithm for the participation of agricultural producers in the system of electronic registration of warehouse receipts, a mechanism for mortgage transactions, and requirements for warehouse storage operators.

 

Reference information

 

New editions from the fund of the I. S. Lupinovich Belarus agricultural library (Natalya Shakura). Р. 89–92

 

In memory of Alexander Petrovich Shpak – man, scientist, teacher. Р. 93–96