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Rural economics

Svetlana MAKRAK

Factors and conditions of material resources markets for agriculture affecting import flows to Agroindustrial Complex. P. 3–24

The article discloses the main factors and conditions for the development of markets for material resources for agriculture, which have a direct and indirect impact on import flows to Agroindustrial Complex: monopoly companies, leading exporting countries and importing countries, average world prices for material resources for agriculture, monopolization processes; features of resource movement and use, etc. The priority of the implementation of the agreed policy in the EAEU in the direction of resource import substitution of Agroindustrial Complex was noted, which made it possible to allocate a separate competitive environment in the markets of material resources for agriculture in a separate group of factors and conditions, predetermined by certain areas of resource supply for agriculture (taking into account the presence of an expanded, excessive, sufficient, limited number of imported resources).


Scientific foundations of risk management in the agricultural sector. P. 25–36

The article presents the stages of development of the theory of risk in economic science. The approaches of domestic and foreign researchers are considered and the author's interpretation of risk as an economic category is proposed. The essence of the subject, object and risk factors is reflected, the key prerequisites for its occurrence are listed, as well as features, functions and characteristics. The principles are formulated and a classification of risks is proposed, adapted for use in agricultural organizations for the compilation of profiles and maps of identified risks. An updated definition of risk management in an agricultural organization (risk management) is given. Methodological approaches have been substantiated, including functions, structural elements, sources of initial information, methods of qualitative and quantitative analysis, risk management tools.


Improving depreciation policy in the agricultural sector of the economy. P. 37–49

The article considers the definitions of the concepts of depreciation and depreciation policy, as well as the concept of depreciation, offers the author's interpretation of the concept of depreciation, defines the tasks of the depreciation policy. It is proposed to improve the depreciation policy in the following areas: an adequate revaluation of fixed assets, the use of accelerated methods of its accrual, the accrual of depreciation deductions for productive livestock in dairy farming, the use of shorter periods of use of fixed assets, the introduction of an incentive mechanism targeted use of depreciation deductions, as well as the use of advanced foreign experience.


Digital transformation of the agrarian sector in Belarus. P. 50–59

The article presents the key aspects of the digital economy development in the agricultural sector. The main problems hindering digital transformation in agri-culture in Belarus are highlighted, the most promising trends for the digitalization development in agricultural organizations in the country are presented.


The methodological approaches to assessing the competitiveness of the agri-food sector. P. 60–68

In the article the existing methods of assessing competitiveness on the example of the agri-food sector are analyzed. The shortcomings of existing methods are identified. The methodology for assessing competitiveness based on calculating the total factor productivity has been substantiated. The developed methodology was used to calculate the competitiveness of agriculture of the Republic of Belarus in the market of the Russian Federation.


About some directions of innovative activity of RUE “Vitebsk Zonal Institute of Agriculture of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus”. P. 69–77

The article deals with some issues of innovation activity of RUE "Vitebsk Zonal Institute of Agriculture of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus"

Keywords: agriculture, innovation research, economy, innovation implementation, production development, improved technologies, new crops and varieties, ecological variety testing.

Problems of Agroindustrial Complex industries


Main directions and methods improvement of flow feed production on arable land and grassland. P. 78–96

The system approach of flow feed production is justified. A comparative assessment of selected types of feed crops is given to select the most efficient sources of flow feed production, taking into account local management conditions. It has been shown that the basis of the raw material flow is not only ensuring stability in the production of feed for public livestock, but also improving the quality components of the feed diet, especially in terms of the content of digested protein and sugar. Economic efficiency assessment of flow feed production is given.