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AGRARIAN ECONOMICS, № 3, 2023

 

Rural economics

 

Fadej SUBOCH

Prospects of an investment and analytical center for supranational development of structures, including clusters on the platform of the Chinese-Belarusian industrial park "Great stone", taking into account the advantages of the Belarusian national biotechnology corporation. Р. 3–22

 

Svetlana MITSKEVICH

Promising directions for the development of an export-oriented system of marketing promotion of agrifood products based on an integrated approach. Р. 23–37

Methodological approaches to the organization of an export-oriented marketing system for the promotion of agricultural products and food were presented in this article; features of the development and implementation of a communication policy based on a unified annual work program to support the export promotion of agrifood products was considered; an integrated information and consulting system to support export promotion, as a tool for ensuring the interaction of participants in the agrifood market in the implementation of export activities, was proposed.

 

Kiryl AKULOVICH

The concept of budgeting and its place in organization management system. Р. 38–53

The article discusses the theoretical and methodological aspects of budgeting as a sustainable mechanism for the effective organization of business processes of agribusiness enterprises. The study of scientific literature made it possible to clarify the definition of "budget", "budget management", "budgeting", "budgeting system". The main goals, objectives, functions, object, subject and subject of budgeting are identified. A comparative description of the categories "plan" and "budget" was carried out.

The place of budgeting in the management of the organization is studied. As a result of the study, the main paradigms (approaches) are considered; elements of budgeting. A new approach has been adapted regarding the studied category. A new function of budgeting is singled out – integration, which forms a complete cycle of budget management.

 

Inna TRETYAKOVA

Analysis of depreciation charges as own source of investments of agrarian economic entities of Belarus. Р. 54–61

The article considers features of the movement of depreciation charges as an own source of investment regarding the specificity of the reproduction process in agriculture. It reveals and systematizes main advantages of depreciation charges as a source of formation of investments taking into account their specificity relative to other sources. Calculations have been made to determine the reserve increase in the amount of depreciation charges in agricultural organizations of Belarus when applying accelerated depreciation.

 

Georgij KOLOSOV

Organizational and economic mechanism for increasing the efficiency of the use of arable land as an element of the system of land relations. Р. 62–73

The article deals with the development and scientific substantiation of the main aspects of the organizational and economic mechanism of increasing the economic efficiency of the use of arable land and its place in the system of land relations. The practical functional interaction of its elements for the level of administrative districts is aimed at increasing the objectivity and ensuring the publicity of decisions related to the establishment of their specialization, as well as determining the necessity and size of their state subsidies. In relation to agricultural organizations – to create a comprehensive software and information, consulting and educational environment aimed at increasing the efficiency of use and preservation of productive capacities of arable land.

 

Viktor OSNOVIN, Petr KLAVSUT, Larisa OSNOVINA, Sergey OSNOVIN

Information support in the system of maintenance and repair of forage harvesters in agriculture. Р. 74–82

In agriculture of the republic, modern harvesting machines are used, which are characterized by the presence of a large number of complex and diverse technical systems, a high rate of innovation in the design of combines, and the widespread use of electronic control systems.

Based on the research of domestic and foreign scientists, it was revealed that the electronic information system for servicing harvesters is able to effectively perform its functions if it promptly takes into account all changes in the design of combines and has full information about all new methods of service and repair approved by manufacturers.

 

Tatsiana TSETSIARYNETS

Motivation as a instrument of ruralization of human capital. Р. 83–96

Theoretical and practical studies confirm the priority of motivational tools for increasing the labor and creative activity of the personnel of agricultural organizations. The results indicate a very high importance of non-material incentives of the peripheral movement of human capital. Together with the structure of territorial distribution of rural population, regional differentiation of its employment, the potential of agrarian production it can be argued that modern motivational approaches to the movement of labor resources in rural areas and their accumulation should be based on the concept of human capital ruralization.

A characteristic feature of this process is the orientation on the 3-vector model of sustainable development of rural areas, which is based on the unity of economic, social and environmental components. This approach is more capacious and is based on the formation of objective prerequisites for infrastructural and production-technological growth of agrarian regions and, on this basis, the intensification of population inflow into them. An additional advantage of promoting the motivational mechanism in line with the concept of human capital ruralization is a close relationship with the long-term goals of transforming the national economy, set out in the National Strategy for Sustainable Development of the Republic of Belarus until 2035.